It is a well-documented fact that the preschool years are critical for building a sound foundation of learning in the K-12 school years. A child’s cognitive development during early childhood, which entails building pre-reading, language, vocabulary, and numeracy skills, begins from the moment the child is born. As per developmental scientists, the brain requires a tremendous amount of knowledge and information about language in the first year of an infant’s life, even before they speak.
Resultantly, there is a direct connection between the early cognitive development of a child and the levels of success they are able to achieve later in life. For instance, infants who are better at grasping the nuances of speech at 6 months of age are better at developing complex language skills at the age of 2 or 3. If a preschool in Gurgaon facilitates an environment that is rich in linguistic interactions, children can easily acquire the essential preliminary skills required for reading and comprehension. A child who enters school without these skills runs a significant risk of starting late and lagging behind, which can be a problem in the long run. Also, a test of your child’s cognitive abilities can be an integral part of the process of preschool admission in Gurgaon.
During the foundation-building process in preschool, your child begins to engage in purposeful, goal-oriented play. Preschoolers begin to acquire a whole new level of understanding, as they expand their experiences in sync with the world around them. Preschoolers are always eager to learn the way the world works, and the best way for them to learn the same is through play. Here are some activities parents and guardians can incorporate into their daily routine to promote preschool cognitive development:
1. Memory and Puzzle Games
Memory-matching games, along with other simple card games allow preschoolers to approach problems in a logical and intelligent manner. Also, puzzles provide children with opportunities to hone their memory and problem-solving skills, as they sit down and figure out whether the pieces fit together or not. Puzzles and memory games also encourage children to think creatively and out-of-the-box.
2. Sorting and Classifying Activities
Categorization plays a vital role in a preschooler’s cognitive development. Through sorting and classifying activities, children begin to understand that certain things embody similarities, while others embody subtle or marked differences. This pattern of logical thinking forms the foundation for future mathematical concepts and complex, everyday tasks. Choose activities that stimulate sorting and classifying processes, such as sorting toys by colour, size, and type.
3. Sequencing Games
Preschoolers are typically guided by their own routines to make sense of events and recall sequences. They comprehend time in extremely rudimentary ways (for instance, ‘yesterday’ could mean something that occurred at any time in the past); however, working upon and developing their sequencing skills can help them weave together a better sense of time. For instance, you could ask your child to draw a rough map for their morning routine for you, in the correct order. As an educator, it is crucial to emphasize sequencing-related words, such as, first, start, finish, next, last, then, before, after, and so on. With frequent and correct use, they will become a part of your preschooler’s vocabulary.
4. Symbolic Activities
Parents and guardians can work in sync to support the cognitive development in preschool children, by encouraging them to play symbolic games with other children. Taking part in imaginary and creative role-plays can help them develop a sense of natural curiosity for the world around them while sharpening their problem-solving and attention-building skills in the process.
In conclusion, it is important to remember that during the preschool years, children undergo rapid and exponential brain development. You, as a parent, can help maximise this essential developmental process by supporting children via the above mentioned games and activities. These activities will also encourage children to pursue their interests and indulge in play ideas that come naturally to them.