Our children resemble a piece of clay, the way you mould, they get mould. The children learn reading in the same manner as they learn to speak, i.e. by observing and practicing in the same fashion.
So, do you know what is reading fluency?
Reading fluency is nothing but the ability to read the words in the accurate and rapid manner. The reading should be in such a manner that it appears to be effortless and with all the expressions. Once the reading fluency is built, no amount of time is spent on decoding the words. The children who are not a fluent reader often hesitate and struggle to decode and sound out the words. Thus, most of their energy is spent in the identification of the words and less mental strength is left to focus on the comprehension. Thus, they literally have no idea what they have read a minute back.
Thus, stringing together the bunch of words is not reading, but reading is speaking loud the words with understanding and accurateness.
The prime question that must be hitting your mind now is, how you can help your child develop reading fluency?
We tell you the ways and means you can adopt to effortlessly develop reading fluency in your child. Have a look:
1. Encourage Your Child To Memorize
When setting out the journey towards reading fluency, make your child memorize short stories, chants and poems. The children who tend to memorize the things feel like fluent readers which in turn aids in their continued reading. The memorized phrases being a familiar thing for the child, he/she can easily add expressions to it which makes the reading looks rhythmic and enjoyable.
2. Read Aloud
Children observe more. Thus, reading aloud in front of them with full expressions and rhythm can give them an idea how actually reading is done. This way the child can get an understanding of the intonation and expressions and thus can easily pick up.
3. Echo Reading
Echo reading is one of the techniques of reading fluency followed in the Gurgaon best schools. Under this technique, the teacher first reads aloud a passage and then the children are required to read aloud the same by copying the way in which the teacher read. This way, children already know how they need to read a particular thing and are just required to read.
4. Stopwatch Reading
Speed is one of the major aspects of reading fluency. To set out the speed quotient in your child’s reading, make your child read a given passage in a set time limit. You can set a stopwatch and make your child read for say, a minute with as few errors as possible. While the child reads, notice the breakpoints of your child or the points where he/she committed errors. Then, all you need to do is to focus on these areas of improvement.
5. Repeated Reading
With repeated reading, the children can recognize the high-frequency words which in turn will strengthen the reading fluency. To ensure this, the children should re-read the short passages aloud. To start with choose a small paragraph or a poem and read and reread it. While reading, take a tab of behaviours such as phrasing, the rate of speed and intonation.
6. Develop A Reading Area
To develop reading fluency, it is of great importance to make the kid feel comfortable with reading. To get the comfort area for the child, it is important to make him/her read his/her own set of books. This will not help in technical aspects of reading fluency, but it will help in developing the habit of reading and a sense of appreciation towards reading.
7. Word Recognition Chart
To make reading fluency a fun-filled exercise, create a word recognition chart. For instance, place four rows and put five to six words in it and ask the child to read the row of words in one go one after the other. Provide the assistance to the child when required and make him/her read until the child starts sounding them correct. You can reverse the order of the cards and practice the same in order to ensure that the child is reading the words and not just reciting the order.
8. Marked Reading
Select one passage and ask your little one to read the same and at the same time, you silently observe the child. You will notice that the child has done mistakes in terms of pronunciation or skipping the words. Mark such mistakes and ask the child to practice these mistakes until the time he/she gets it correct. You can do this exercise at the time of stopwatch reading or while the child reads the passage aloud.
The bottom line that emerges is that fluency in reading cannot be developed overnight. It is gradually and substantially that the children adapt themselves to reading fluency. Thus, the parents along with the teachers in the Gurgaon top schools are required to guide the child towards increasing the reading fluency.